Support Infrastructure

The Government of Bihar understands that supporting infrastructure is the backbone of thriving and resilient Industries and has recognised the need for improved infrastructure in various areas such as Transportation, Information Technology and Communication, Energy, Land, Industrial Corridors, education and healthcare, etc.

Transportation Infrastructure

Bihar can indeed be a significant advantage for investors. A well-developed connectivity network can positively impact various aspects of investment and business operations, including transportation (roadways, railways, airlines, and waterways). Bihar offers investors numerous advantages, from cost savings and access to markets to a supportive business environment and growth opportunities. When evaluating potential investment destinations, the state's connectivity infrastructure is being considered as a crucial factor for achieving business goals. The transport and communication sector is one of the main growth drivers of the state economy.

In Bihar, it recorded the highest growth in the country by registering 20.4 percent growth during 2021-22, followed by Andhra Pradesh (14.9 percent).

Rich Water Resource

With the efforts of the state government, Bihar recorded the third highest road density in the country, after Kerala and West Bengal. During the last five years, world c-ass road infrastructure has been created in different parts of the state. Bihar has an extensive road network that connects various parts of the state.

The National Highways (NH) and State Highways (SH) play a crucial role in connecting major cities and towns. The Golden Quadrilateral and the North-South-East-West Corridor projects have helped improve connectivity by providing efficient road links to different regions of the country. Bihar had a total road density of 3166.9 km per 1000 sq. km of geographical area and ranked third in all-India



The Indian Railways network is well- established in Bihar, with 3,803 route km of length, connecting it to other parts of India. Major railway lines pass through the state, including the East Central Railway (ECR) and the Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR). Cities like Patna, Gaya, Muzaffarpur, and Bhagalpur are important railway junctions in the state.


Due to several programmes and efforts of the state government in the transport sector, Airways recorded the all-time highest growth of 54.4%. Bihar has several domestic airports that facilitate air travel within the state and to other parts of the country. The major airport is Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport in Patna.

Other airports include Gaya Airport, Darbhanga Airport, and a few more that have contributed to improving air connectivity.

There are 4 airports (Deoghar, Varanasi, Kushinagar, Bagdogra) in adjoining states with less than 50 km, catering to border districts of the state.



Rivers like the Ganges, Gandak, Kosi, and others crisscross the state, making water transport a potential mode of connectivity. 7 NWs are passing through the state of Bihar, out of which 1 NW Allahabad-Haldia is already operational

Utilities Infrastructure

24x7 Power Availability

The state government has taken several initiatives in the energy sector in recent years. Reliable and quality power is now being supplied to consumers throughout the state. An efficient and stable energy grid ensures a continuous power supply for households and industries.

The per capita consumption of electricity has risen from 280 kwh in 2017-18 to 329 kwh in 2021-22, implying a growth of 17.5 percent in four years. There was a significant improvement in the projected peak demand for power in Bihar from 4965 MW in 2017-18 to 6475 MW in 2021-22, implying a growth of more than 30.4 percent in four years.

The average power availability in rural areas in Bihar during 2020-21 was 21.62 hours, which is higher than the national average of 20.89 hours. However, in urban areas, the average power availability during this period remained 23.15 hours, slightly lower than the national average of 23.52 hours. In the power sector, installed capacity is growing gradually in Bihar, although with some fluctuations on account of maintenance work.

The available power capacity in the state was 6422 MW in 2020-21, which increased to 7785 MW in 2021-22, implying a growth of 21.2 percent. To meet the increased demand for power, the state government has already planned for additional capacity of 5841 MW from different sources in a phased manner by 2024- 25.

These sources are - State Generating Stations (SGS), Central Generating Stations (CGS), renewable energy sources (RNES) and long/medium-term power purchase agreements (PPA) through competitive bidding. The total power capacity of Bihar is expected to be 13626 MW in 2024-25, of which 9131 MW (67 percent) will be conventional and the remaining 4495 MW (33 percent) non- conventional.

Industrial Infrastructure

Land Bank

The availability of land is a key component in the industrialization of the state. The industrial environment has undergone significant change as a result of economic liberalisation, privatisation, and globalisation. The Department of Industries has approx. 3000 acres of land available across 75 industrial areas and the department is open to discussing the requirements. Recently, to promote further investment, the state government has also reduced land rates by up to 80%. At present, the land value ranges from INR 50 lakh to INR 2.5 crore per acre, except for the Industrial Area Patliputra, which is priced at INR 10.89 crore per acre. The Department of Industries also offers 24 Lakh Sq. ft. of plug-and-play facility at the rate of Rs. 4 to 8 per sq. ft.

Land availability with Leasing Rates of Key Industrial Areas

SNo Name of District Name of Industrial Area (IA) Available Land (in acres) Land rate (Lakh/acre) Nearest Airport from the district
1 Muzaffarpur IA Bariyarpur 430 62 Patna (75 KM)
2 IA Damodarpur 165 62 Darbhanga (60 KM)
3 IA Mahbal 80 62
4 IA Dumaria 35 62
5 Vaishali IA Goraul 50 72 Patna (60 KM) &
Darbhanga (100 KM)
6 Patna IA, Sikandarpur 38 200 Patna (29 KM)
7 Buxar IA, Nawanagar 433 52 Patna-124 Varanasi (145 KM)
8 West Champaran IA, Kumarbagh 337 69 Kushinagar (80 KM)
9 Begusarai Industrial GC Begusarai 209 72 Patna (133 KM)
10 Madhubani IA Lohat 140 38 Darbhanga (25 KM)
11 Purnea IA Banmankhi 118 53 Bagdogra (160 KM)
For more details click:

Plug & Play

The availability of state-of-the-art "Plug & Play" (pre-constructed facilities with all necessary infrastructure: A bid to reduce the time taken for firms to launch manufacturing activity at the rate of Rs 4 to 8 per Sq.Ft./Month also enables textile & leather sector units to establish operations with lower operating costs that result in building efficiencies. Initially, BIADA is allotting prefabricated, ready to move plug & play on 15 years of lease, which shall be extended further based on request. The shed allotment process is transparent and online, and you will get the shed within a week of application submission. These sheds have all the basic amenities required to run a business, as they are in an industrial area. The industrial area has a dedicated feed with a 24x7 electricity supply. There is abundance of water because of the multiple perennial rivers across Bihar. Hence, there won't be any issue with the water and electricity supply.

S.No. Industrial Area District Area
(in lakh Sq.ft.)

Sikandarpur     Patna 4.5
2 Fatuha 1.12
3 Patliputra 0.7
4 Bihta 0.5
5 Muzaffarpur Muzaffarpur 4.2
6 Begusarai Begusarai 3
7 Kumarbagh West Champaran 2
8 Maranga Purnea 2
9 Goraul   Vaishali 2.5
10 Hajipur 1.4
11 Bhagalpur Bhagalpur 1.2
12 Baijnathpur Saharsa 0.6
13 Biharsharif Nalanda 0.3



Land / Plug & Play allotment process

Land allotment is completely online and is being allotted to applicants (Investors) just within 7 days of application submission through weekly PCC meetings in a transparent way.

Link for online application and information related to Industrial Land / Plug & Play

Shed allotment – within 7 days (Every Monday) of online application submission

  • Online application through
  • Scrutiny of online application (Query raised by BIADA (If any)
  • Every Monday Project Clearance Committee (PCC) meeting Allotment letter as per PCC recommendation
  • Payment as per details mentioned in allotment letter
  • Possession of Shed/Land

Major Industrial Corridors

AKIC(Amritsar Kolkata Industrial Corridor)
  • Integrated Manufacturing Cluster is being developed by Gol at Gaya Under AKIC with a site area of approximately 1670 acres
  • IMC is profoundly suitable for the purpose of transforming it to a manufacturing hub of the future in the state of Bihar. Proposed sectors: Textile, Food processing, engineering, fabrication, defence products, etc.
EDFC (East Dedicated Freight Corridor)
  • The Eastern dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) Connecting Ludhiana to Kolkata through rail freight also passes through Bihar (Kaimur, Rohtas, Aurangabad and Gaya), spanning a length of 239 km (out of total 1839 KM)
East West Corridor (Silchar-Porbandar)
  • 3300 KM corridor via NH27 also passes through Bihar (Muzaffarpur-Darbhanga-Supaul-Purnia- Kishanganj)

Institutions for Higher Education in Bihar

  • 35 Universities (4 Central, 17 State, 5 Institutes of National importance, 6 Private, 1 Deemed, 1 State Open University)
  • 61 Polytechnic Colleges
  • 15 Research Institutes
  • 902 Colleges
  • 55 Engineering Colleges

  • 61 Polytechnic Colleges
  • Apparel Training & Design Centre (ATDC), Patna
  • Footwear Design & Development Institute (FDDI), Patna
  • Institute of Silk Technology, Bhagalpur
  • 6 Weaving and Designing Training Centre that provide various courses related to Textile

Information Technology & Communication Infrastructure

The state government has focused on providing accessible and high-quality Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the state. The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in Bihar has shown significant growth and potential in recent years. Bihar, like many other Indian states, recognises the importance of ICT in driving economic development, improving governance, and enhancing the quality of life for its citizens. For promoting e-governance, Bihar has received many awards,like the CSI Nihilent Award, the CSI SIG e-Governance awards, the Digital India Award, the National Award for the highest DBT transaction, the National e-governance awards, and many others. In Bihar, on average, each household is enabled with two or more mobile connections; almost every household has access to the internet; and 98.7% of the Gram Panchayats are covered under Bharat Net.

The state government has taken steps to promote digital literacy and IT education. Programs like "Bihar Knowledge Center" aim to provide IT training to youth, enhancing their employability. Bihar has set up IT parks and industrial hubs to attract IT and IT-enabled services (ITES) companies. The Software Technology Park of India (STPI) has established its presence in cities like Patna, promoting IT entrepreneurship

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